Penerapan Nilai-Nilai Piagam Madinah Sebagai Konstitusi Islam Dalam Mencegah Radikalisme di Pesantren Darul Istiqamah Biroro

  • Hamka Institut Agama Islam Muhammadiyah Sinjai
  • Indra Satriani STAI Yapnas Jeneponto
  • Harmilawati Institut Agama Islam Muhammadiyah Sinjai
  • Irmayanti Institut Agama Islam Muhammadiyah Sinjai

Abstract

Abstrac There are several facts that make Islamic boarding schools as a place to develop radical ideas in Indonesia, so the authors conducted research at the Darul Istiqamah Islamic Boarding School Biroro, East Sinjai District. This place once carried out an extreme enforcement of Islamic law in Sinjai Regency, which was spearheaded by the Joint Forum for the Mass Movement (FORBES GAMAS). Forcing the will to be followed to fight for the Islamic law. Where this mass prioritizes punishment for thieves, alcohol drinkers, and gamblers without the legal process that applies in Indonesia. On the other hand, it is very contrary to the values ​​that have been practiced by the Prophet in Medina. The purpose of this study is to find out the application of the values ​​of the Medina Charter at the Darul Istiqamah Islamic Boarding School and to Know the Strategy to Prevent Radicalism at the Darul Istiqamah Islamic Boarding School. This research is a qualitative descriptive study with a sociological approach. The sources of data in this study were obtained from interviews with students, managers and teachers of the Darul Istiqamah Biroro Islamic Boarding School and the surrounding community. Data collection techniques used in collecting research data are interviews, observations and documentation. The Darul Istiqamah Biroro Islamic Boarding School teaches early on the values ​​of the Medina Charter to its students by applying the practice directly in the lives of the surrounding community, namely by helping residents or congregations in need. students are taught to help each other, tolerance, respect for others, mutual cooperation and so on. To uphold equality or brotherhood. Radicalism is trying to be avoided as much as possible by the management of the Darul Istiqamah Biroro Islamic Boarding School by enlightening the messages during religious studies that radical ideas are very much against the teachings of Islam and the constitution in force in the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia (NKRI).

Keywords: Medina Charter, Islamic Constitution, Radicalism

References

Abdullah Muttaqin, Pendidikan Akhlak Di Pesantren (Studi Analisis Pendidikan Dan Tradisi Pondok Pesantren Manbail Futuh, Beji, Jenu, Tuban Dengan Perilaku Keberagaman Santri)”, Edu-Religia, Vol. 1, no. (2) September 2018 ISSN (online) 2579-5473

Ahmad Rizky Mardhatillah Umar, Melacak Akar Radikalisme Islam di Indonesia. Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Volume 14, Nomor 2, November 2010 (169-186) ISSN 1410-4946

Ahmad Sukardja, Piagam Madinah dan Undang-Undang Dasar 1945: Kajian Perbandingan tentang Dasar Hidup Bersama dalam Masyarakat Yang Majemuk, Jakarta: Penerbit Universitas Indonesia, 1995

Ahmad Sukardja, Piagam Madinah dan UUD 1945, Jakarta: UI Press, 1995

Ali Abdul Wahid Wafi, Ibnu Khaldun Riwayat dan Karyanya, Jakarta: Grifiti Pers, 1985

Bukhori Abdul, Piagam Madinah Dan Resolusi Konflik. Jurnal Al-Adyan. Vol.Viii, N0.2. 2013.

Choirul Anwar, Islam dan Kebhinekaan di Indonesia: Peran Agama dalam Merawat Perbedaan. Zawiyah Jurnal Pemikiran Islam, Vol. 4, no. 2. 2018.

Harun Nasution, Islam di Tinjau dari berbagai Aspek, Jakarta: UI Press, 1985

Harun Nasution, Islam Ditinjau dari Berbagai Aspeknya, Jakarta: Penerbit Universitas Indonesia, 1985, Jilid I.

Inayatul Ulya, Radikalisme Atas Nama Agama: Tafsir Historis Kepemimpinan Nabi Muhammad di Madinah, Jurnal ADDIN, Vol. 10, No. 1, Februari 2016.

Intan Umbari Perihatin, Kementerian Agama menemukan dua pesantren yang berpotensi terpapar Radikalisme. https://m.merdeka.com diakses tgl. 26 Oktober 2019.

J.Suyuthi Pulungan, Prinsip-Prinsip Pemerintahan dalam Piagam Madinah Ditinjau dari Pandangan al-Qur’an, Jakarta: Rajawali Pers, 1996, hal. 5

Junaidi Abdullah, “Radikalisme Agama: Dekonstruksi Ayat Kekerasan dalam al-Qur’an”. Jurnal Kalam, Vol. 8, No. 2, Desember 2014.

Moh. Syamsul Maarif, teks Piagam Madinah beserta Terjemahannya per pasal, http://aiz-alul.blogspot.com/2013/08/teks-asli-piagam-madinah-beserta.html.

Montgomery Watt, Muhammad at Madina, London ; Oxford University press, 1956

Munawir Syazali, Islam dan Tata Negara, Jakarta: UI Press, 1990

Munawir Syazali, Islam dan Tata Negara: Ajaran, Sejarah, dan Pemikiran, Jakarta: Penerbit Universitas Indonesia, 1993.

Nfisyul Qodarr, Lebaran Berdarah Warga Syiah di Sampang Madura. https://m.liputan6.com/news/read/404665. diakses pada tanggal 26 Oktober 2019.

Nurdinah Muhammad, Pesan Piagam Madinah Dalam Pluralisme di Indonesia. Jurnal Ar-Raniry, Vol 13, No 1, 2011.

Syed Mahmudunassir, Islam konsepsi dan Sejarahnya. bandung Rosda, 1988.

Thohir, U F. “Reinterpretasi Status Minoritas Dzimmi Di Tengah Mayoritas Muslim.” Asy-Syari’ah: Jurnal Hukum Islam 6, no. 2 (2020): 171–85. https://ejournal.unzah.ac.id/index.php/assyariah/article/view/355.

Wandi, Robertus. Tiga Definisi Radikalisme Menurut Menko Polhukam (Berita Satu, 12 Januari 2019). https://www.beritasatu.com/nasional/584889/ini-tiga-definisi-radikalisme-menurut-menko-polhukam

Published
30-06-2022
How to Cite
Hamka, Indra Satriani, Harmilawati, & Irmayanti. (2022). Penerapan Nilai-Nilai Piagam Madinah Sebagai Konstitusi Islam Dalam Mencegah Radikalisme di Pesantren Darul Istiqamah Biroro. Asy-Syari’ah : Jurnal Hukum Islam, 8(2), 30-49. https://doi.org/10.55210/assyariah.v8i2.727
Abstract views: 64 , Pdf downloads: 57